Introduction to solar cells

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Beschrijving

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About this course: Introduction to solar cells is a course designed to be a window into the world of solar cell technologies. The course is built around three core questions: - Where can solar cells be applied and what can be done to optimize their usefulness - How can the power generated from a solar cell be used and measured - What general types of solar cells exists and how do they compare In the course you will learn about solar cell history, why we need solar energy, how solar cells produce power, and how they work. We will also talk specifically about solar cell technologies, so you will learn what the difference is between mono and multi-crystalline solar cells. What thin film so…

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Nog niet gevonden wat je zocht? Bekijk deze onderwerpen: Zonnepanelen, Duurzaamheid, Duurzaam Bouwen, Duurzaam ondernemen en Duurzame energie / Energietransitie.

When you enroll for courses through Coursera you get to choose for a paid plan or for a free plan

  • Free plan: No certicification and/or audit only. You will have access to all course materials except graded items.
  • Paid plan: Commit to earning a Certificate—it's a trusted, shareable way to showcase your new skills.

About this course: Introduction to solar cells is a course designed to be a window into the world of solar cell technologies. The course is built around three core questions: - Where can solar cells be applied and what can be done to optimize their usefulness - How can the power generated from a solar cell be used and measured - What general types of solar cells exists and how do they compare In the course you will learn about solar cell history, why we need solar energy, how solar cells produce power, and how they work. We will also talk specifically about solar cell technologies, so you will learn what the difference is between mono and multi-crystalline solar cells. What thin film solar cells are, and what new emerging technologies is being developed.

Created by:  Technical University of Denmark (DTU)
  • Taught by:  Morten Vesterager Madsen, Researcher

    DTU Energy
Level Beginner Commitment 5 weeks of study, 2-3 hours per week Language English How To Pass Pass all graded assignments to complete the course. User Ratings 4.7 stars Average User Rating 4.7See what learners said Coursework

Each course is like an interactive textbook, featuring pre-recorded videos, quizzes and projects.

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Technical University of Denmark (DTU) DTU focuses on research in technical and natural sciences that contributes to the development of society. As an industrially orientated university, our goal is to supply high-level international research based on combining theory with constructing models and empirical methods.

Syllabus


WEEK 1


Introduction
In this introduction module I would like to introduce you to the course its content and teaching style. I hope you will enjoy the way we have designed the course.


1 reading expand


  1. Reading: Welcome


History of solar cells



The first topic in an introduction course on solar cells is naturally a historical overview. In this module you will briefly get introduced to the history and early development of solar cells. We will also start to do some calculations of efficiency and energy output of solar cells.


2 videos, 5 readings, 3 practice quizzes expand


  1. Video: History of solar cells
  2. Reading: Solar cell history
  3. Reading: Invention of the modern solar cell
  4. Practice Quiz: History of solar cells
  5. Video: Space applications
  6. Reading: Space applications
  7. Practice Quiz: Solar constants
  8. Reading: Solar cells for planetary exploration
  9. Practice Quiz: Deep space
  10. Reading: Additional resources

Graded: History
Graded: Space

Why solar energy
The most important question one can ask must be: "Why is solar energy is an important topic and why should we develop solar energy?". This module does not claim to answer that question fully, but we will summarize the strong case for renewable energy.


3 videos, 5 readings, 2 practice quizzes expand


  1. Video: Why do we need renewable energy?
  2. Reading: Energy sources
  3. Practice Quiz: Direct radiation at Earth
  4. Reading: Available energy
  5. Video: Why do we need solar energy?
  6. Video: Sunlight at Earth
  7. Reading: Sunlight at Earth
  8. Practice Quiz: Can solar cells cover our needs?
  9. Reading: Area need
  10. Reading: Additional resources

Graded: Energy sources
Graded: Sunlight at Earth

WEEK 2


Power from solar cells
How much power can a solar cell produce and how can we measure it? This question is the starting point for this module and we will go through the terminology, talk about light sources, and even measure a solar cell ourselves.


5 videos, 4 readings, 2 practice quizzes expand


  1. Video: Solar cell efficiency
  2. Video: Power from a solar cell
  3. Practice Quiz: Measure maximum power output
  4. Video: The IV curve
  5. Reading: Power from a solar cell
  6. Practice Quiz: Power from a solar cell
  7. Video: Measuring an IV curve
  8. Reading: Measuring power using an electronic load
  9. Video: Light sources
  10. Reading: Taking the sun inside
  11. Reading: Additional resources

Graded: Power from a solar cell
Graded: Light

Modelling a solar cell



In this module we will introduce an equivalent circuit of a solar cell and use it to explain key concepts including short circuit current, open circuit voltage, parasitic resistances, and more. We will also talk about connected solar cells, and their behavior in shaded conditions.


2 videos, 5 readings, 2 practice quizzes expand


  1. Video: Modelling a solar cell
  2. Reading: Modelling a solar cell
  3. Reading: Parasitic resistances
  4. Practice Quiz: Solar cell modelling
  5. Video: Series and parallel connections
  6. Reading: Series and parallel connections
  7. Practice Quiz: Solar cell connections
  8. Reading: Shadow effects
  9. Reading: Additional resources

Graded: Equivalent circuit
Graded: Connected solar cells

WEEK 3


How do solar cells work
In this module we will attack the topic: How do solar cells work? This module will be more theory heavy than other parts of the course, but don't worry. We will focus on the key concepts that are necessary to understand how solar cells work, and skip the math.


3 videos, 6 readings, 4 practice quizzes expand


  1. Video: How do solar cells work?
  2. Reading: How do solar cells work
  3. Video: Semiconductors
  4. Practice Quiz: Color response
  5. Reading: Semiconductors
  6. Practice Quiz: Semiconductors
  7. Reading: Light interaction
  8. Practice Quiz: Photon energy
  9. Video: The pn-junction
  10. Reading: Conductivity and doping
  11. Practice Quiz: Doping
  12. Reading: The p-n junction
  13. Reading: Additional resources

Graded: Semiconductors and doping
Graded: How do solar cells work

Efficiency of solar cells
With a knowledge of the working principles of solar cells, we are now ready to apply this knowledge to understand why there are limits to the efficiency of solar cells. We will also briefly look into loss mechanisms that limit the practical efficiency.


2 videos, 4 readings, 2 practice quizzes expand


  1. Video: How efficient can solar cells be?
  2. Reading: Theoretical solar cell efficiency
  3. Practice Quiz: Efficiency
  4. Reading: Tandem and multi-junction solar cells
  5. Practice Quiz: Theoretical efficiency
  6. Video: Reflection and absorption
  7. Reading: Reflection and absorption
  8. Reading: Additional resources

Graded: Efficiency
Graded: Losses

WEEK 4


Silicon solar cells
Silicon solar cells are by far the most prevalent solar cell technology. In this module we will talk about why silicon is so abundant. We will also learn how silicon solar cells are made, what differentiates multi and monocrystalline silicon, and much more.


5 videos, 7 readings, 2 practice quizzes expand


  1. Video: Silicon solar cells
  2. Reading: Crystalline silicon solar cells
  3. Video: How do silicon solar cells work
  4. Reading: How do silicon solar cells work
  5. Practice Quiz: Working principles of silicon solar cells
  6. Reading: Production of silicon solar cells
  7. Video: How are silicon solar cells made?
  8. Reading: From sand to high quality silicon
  9. Video: How are silicon solar cells fabricated
  10. Practice Quiz: Production
  11. Reading: Production of standard silicon solar cells
  12. Reading: Summary
  13. Video: Summary
  14. Reading: Additional resources

Graded: Silicon solar cells
Graded: Fabrication

Thin film solar cells
Moving beyond silicon solar cells, the next important development is thin film solar cells. In thin film solar cells, we see a potential solution to the major problem associated with silicon solar cells: namely energy payback time.


4 videos, 5 readings, 3 practice quizzes expand


  1. Video: Thin film solar cells
  2. Reading: Thin film solar cells
  3. Practice Quiz: Thin film
  4. Video: Thin film technologies
  5. Reading: Working principle of CIGS solar cells
  6. Practice Quiz: Working principle
  7. Video: Thin film solar cell production
  8. Reading: Production of CIGS solar cells
  9. Practice Quiz: Production
  10. Video: Summary
  11. Reading: Summary
  12. Reading: Additional resources

Graded: Thin film solar cells
Graded: Energy production

WEEK 5


Polymer solar cells



We will now turn to an example of a third generation solar cell technology: namely polymer solar cells. Polymer solar cells promise to solve all the problems we see with other technologies. They are cheap and fast to produce, they are non-toxic and use non-scarce materials, and they exhibit the lowest energy payback time of any technology. In this module we will learn about pros and cons of this interesting technology.


6 videos, 8 readings, 3 practice quizzes expand


  1. Video: Polymer solar cells
  2. Reading: What are polymer solar cells
  3. Video: How do polymer solar cells work
  4. Reading: How do polymer solar cells work
  5. Reading: The layer stack
  6. Practice Quiz: Working principles of polymer solar cells
  7. Video: Production of polymer solar cells
  8. Reading: Production of polymer solar cells
  9. Practice Quiz: Production
  10. Video: Coating techniques
  11. Reading: Coating techniques
  12. Video: Printing techniques
  13. Reading: Printing techniques
  14. Practice Quiz: Printing and coating
  15. Video: Summary
  16. Reading: Summary
  17. Reading: Additional resources

Graded: Polymer solar cells
Graded: Production

Solar cell technologies
In our final module of this course we will look into a selection of solar cell technologies and spend some time comparing all the different solar cell technologies.


2 videos, 4 readings, 1 practice quiz expand


  1. Video: Three generations of solar cells
  2. Reading: Three generations of solar cells
  3. Video: Emerging solar cell technologies
  4. Reading: Emerging solar cell technologies
  5. Practice Quiz: Solar cell technologies
  6. Reading: Comparison of solar cell technologies
  7. Reading: Additional resources

Graded: Solar cell technologies
Graded: Solar cells

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