Revolutionary Ideas: Borders, Elections, Constitutions, Prisons

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Opleiderscore: starstarstarstar_borderstar_border 6,3 Coursera heeft een gemiddelde beoordeling van 6,3 (uit 4 ervaringen)

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Beschrijving

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About this course: What is the purpose of government? Why should we have a State? What kind of State should we have? Even within a political community, there may be sharp disagreements about the role and purpose of government. Some want an active, involved government, seeing legal and political institutions as the means to solve our most pressing problems, and to help bring about peace, equality, justice, happiness, and to protect individual liberty. Others want a more minimal government, motivated, perhaps, by some of the disastrous political experiments of the 20th Century, and the thought that political power is often just a step away from tyranny. In many cases, these disagreements …

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When you enroll for courses through Coursera you get to choose for a paid plan or for a free plan

  • Free plan: No certicification and/or audit only. You will have access to all course materials except graded items.
  • Paid plan: Commit to earning a Certificate—it's a trusted, shareable way to showcase your new skills.

About this course: What is the purpose of government? Why should we have a State? What kind of State should we have? Even within a political community, there may be sharp disagreements about the role and purpose of government. Some want an active, involved government, seeing legal and political institutions as the means to solve our most pressing problems, and to help bring about peace, equality, justice, happiness, and to protect individual liberty. Others want a more minimal government, motivated, perhaps, by some of the disastrous political experiments of the 20th Century, and the thought that political power is often just a step away from tyranny. In many cases, these disagreements arise out of deep philosophical disagreements. All political and legal institutions are built on foundational ideas. In this course, we will explore those ideas, taking the political institutions and political systems around us not as fixed and unquestionable, but as things to evaluate and, if necessary, to change. We will consider the ideas and arguments of some of the world’s most celebrated philosophers, including historical thinkers such as Plato, Hugo Grotius, David Hume, Thomas Jefferson, and James Madison, and more contemporary theorists such as Michelle Alexander, Kwame Anthony Appiah, Bryan Caplan, Angela Davis, Ronald Dworkin, Jon Elster, John Hart Ely, H.L.A. Hart, Michael Huemer, Andrew Rehfeld, and Jeremy Waldron. The aim of the course is not to convince you of the correctness of any particular view or political position, but to provide you with a deeper and more philosophically-informed basis for your own views, and, perhaps, to help you better understand the views of those with whom you disagree.

Created by:  University of Pennsylvania
  • Taught by:  Alexander Guerrero, Assistant Professor

    Philosophy and Medical Ethics and Health Policy
Language English How To Pass Pass all graded assignments to complete the course. Coursework

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University of Pennsylvania The University of Pennsylvania (commonly referred to as Penn) is a private university, located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. A member of the Ivy League, Penn is the fourth-oldest institution of higher education in the United States, and considers itself to be the first university in the United States with both undergraduate and graduate studies.

Syllabus


WEEK 1


Introduction to Part II of the Course
An introduction to the course and to some of the fundamental problems in legal and political philosophy.


1 video, 4 readings expand


  1. Video: Introduction to Part II
  2. Reading: Syllabus
  3. Reading: Networks
  4. Reading: Grading
  5. Reading: Argumentative Reflections


WEEK 2


Political Community and Borders
This unit explores the issues of how our political communities are and should be defined. What is the basis of political community? Should we be allowed to change what political community we are a part of? If so, how easily?


6 videos, 5 readings expand


  1. Reading: Relevant Readings
  2. Video: Lecture 6.0: Political Community: An Introduction
  3. Reading: Relevant Readings
  4. Video: Lecture 6.1: Voluntarism & Political Community
  5. Reading: Relevant Readings
  6. Video: Lecture 6.2: Alternatives to Voluntarism: Rehfeld's Random Constituencies
  7. Reading: Relevant Readings
  8. Video: Lecture 6.3: Political Community, Cosmopolitanism & World Government
  9. Reading: Relevant Readings
  10. Video: Lecture 6.4.0: Immigration & Exclusion
  11. Video: Lecture 6.4.1: Immigration, Exclusion & Open Borders

Graded: Political Community and Borders
Graded: First Argumentative Reflection Assignment

WEEK 3


Representatives, Elections, and Lotteries
This unit examines how our political community, once defined, should make law and policy. Who should get to have a say?


8 videos, 5 readings expand


  1. Reading: Relevant Readings
  2. Video: Lecture 7.0: Representatives, Elections & Lotteries: An Introduction
  3. Reading: Relevant Readings
  4. Video: Lecture 7.1: The Case for Representatives
  5. Reading: Relevant Readings
  6. Video: Lecture 7.2: The Case for Elected Representatives
  7. Reading: Relevant Readings
  8. Video: Lecture 7.3.0: The Perils of Elected Representation: Part I
  9. Video: Lecture 7.3.1: The Perils of Elected Representation: Part II
  10. Reading: Relevant Readings
  11. Video: Lecture 7.4.0: The Lottocracy
  12. Video: Lecture 7.4.1: The Promise of Lottocracy
  13. Video: Lecture 7.4.2: Concerns About Lottocracy

Graded: Representatives, Elections, and Lotteries
Graded: Second Argumentative Reflection Assignment

WEEK 4


Constitutions
This unit examines the role and importance of constitutions. Should we have a constitution? Why might we want one? What should be in it?


8 videos, 5 readings expand


  1. Reading: Relevant Readings
  2. Video: Lecture 8.0: Constitutions: An Introduction
  3. Video: Lecture 8.1: Constitutions as Limits
  4. Reading: Relevant Readings
  5. Video: Lecture 8.2: The Mechanisms of Constitutional Limitations
  6. Reading: Relevant Readings
  7. Video: Lecture 8.3.0: Pre-Commitment & Constitutional Authority
  8. Video: Lecture 8.3.1: Pre-Commitment Revisited
  9. Reading: Relevant Readings
  10. Video: Lecture 8.4: Constitutions & Process Theory
  11. Reading: Relevant Readings
  12. Video: Lecture 8.5.0: Constitutions, Judicial Review, & Constitutional Interpretation
  13. Video: Lecture 8.5.1: Constitutional Interpretation

Graded: Constitutions

WEEK 5


Prisons and Punishment & Conclusions
This unit considers the role of crime and punishment within a political community. What should be illegal? What should happen if people break the law?


8 videos, 5 readings expand


  1. Reading: Relevant Readings
  2. Video: Lecture 9.0: Crime & Punishment: An Introduction
  3. Reading: Relevant Readings
  4. Video: Lecture 9.1.0: What is Crime? What Should be Criminalized?
  5. Video: Lecture 9.1.1: What Can be Criminalized? The Hart-Devlin Debate
  6. Reading: Relevant Readings
  7. Video: Lecture 9.2: Theories of Punishment
  8. Reading: Relevant Readings
  9. Video: Lecture 9.3.0: Theories of Punishment: Retributivism
  10. Video: Lecture 9.3.1: Retributivism Reconsidered
  11. Reading: Relevant Readings
  12. Video: Lecture 9.4: Alternatives to Incarcerations: Restorative Justice
  13. Video: Reflections on Revolutionary Ideas: A Question & Answer Session with Prof. Guerrero

Graded: Prisons and Punishment & Conclusions
Graded: Third Argumentative Reflection Assignment
Graded: The Blueprints Project

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